[JURIST] The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit [official website] ruled [opinion, PDF] Wednesday that California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard [text, PDF] does not violate the Dormant Commerce Clause. The regulation requires reduction of carbon emissions for fuels. Emissions are measured by a "lifecycle analysis," which includes production and transportation. Thus, out-of-state manufacturers argued that they are discriminated against because they have to transport their fuels farther than their California counterparts. However, the court held that the regulation...

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